Located in the heart of Sri Lanka, Kandy was once the capital of the ancient kings and it remains one of the country’s most significant cultural and religious centers. Not only is it home to the country’s most holy relic, a tooth of Buddha, but the city also offers numerous wondrous attractions and sights, from tropical forests to tea plantations and spice gardens. Nestled between mountains in inland Sri Lanka, Kandy proudly bears its World Heritage Site designation while remaining culturally independent and colorfully picturesque. The last stronghold of the Sinhalese Kingdom when coastal areas had fallen to Portuguese and Dutch rule, Kandy remained self-governing until a British colonial treaty took the city in the 19th century. The city sits on the edge of a reflective lake, and although a mountain mist and serious urban smog often block the sun, the striking hilly background and well-preserved historical architecture render the city picturesque regardless of the weather. Any Kandy itinerary should include stops at its celebrated gardens and temples, particularly the temple that reputedly holds an enshrined tooth of the Buddha. Kandy is in Kandy District.